Introduction to Futures Studies

Throughout history, humans have been trying to find ways to predict the future by looking at stars and crystal balls and so on. But in recent years, especially after World War II, many scientists and researchers who call themselves futurists have developed numerous quantitative and qualitative methods that form the basis of future study. What separates these futurists from the fortune tellers is the rationality that governs the methods and the knowledge that the future is by no means absolutely and 100% recognizable and predictable. In this introductory article, attempts have been made to describe futures studies in simple language. Thinking about the future is easy. We all have a lot of experience with this thinking and use it in our daily lives, such as planning a leisure trip, writing down the weekly tasks we need to do, and such activities that we need to do in the coming days. All of these actions are actually thinking about future events before they occur. Therefore, it can be said that we are all futurists in our personal and social lives. In order to act wisely, people must be sufficiently aware of the consequences of their actions, of others and their reactions, as well as of forces beyond their control. It is important to note that these consequences will only manifest themselves in the future. In this way, people not only try to understand what is happening, but also try to know things that may happen, or have the potential to happen, or will happen under certain circumstances in the future. Using this conjectural knowledge, people recognize their current situation, follow their work, and go through the context of time and material and social space. A new discipline that aims to systematically study the future is called futures studies, futuring, or futures research, and its specialists are called futurists. Futurists seek to discover, invent, present, test, and evaluate possible, probable, and better futures. They present people with different choices about the future and help them choose and plan for the most desirable future.